Ratia is located on the bank of the Ghaggar about 23 km north of Fatehabad in 29041' north latitude and 75034' east longitude. The population of the town was 7,740 in 1971 as against 5,348 in 1961. Local traditions attribute the foundation of the town to Rattan Nath a sadhu with extraordinary powers who did meditation for years at this site and the town was named after him. 'The- town was deserted, during the famine of - 1783 but was resettled in 1816 by one Rattan Singh and the Patiala chief erected a fort and an outposts. It is an upcoming mandi town and is well provided with basic amenities. Most of the population of Ratia is related to complete Punjabi culture. Ratia is famous for sweets, paneer bread, Pakoda and ice cream. This is a Tehsil of 100 village and with recorded production of Basmati rice in whole haryana. Ratia is a main city of Fatehabad district with mostly Punjabi (SIKH) population. Before partition of India-Pakistan, almost 50% of population was of Muslims. But after partition Sikh community from Pakistan came and resettled in ratia. That makes it Sikh dominating and Punjabi speaking area. Ratia tops on development in the whole west region of Haryana. Ratia was also known as BOLA Ratia after the surname of feudal families of zamindars which has landholdings over twelve villages around it.